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What Can I Do with a Biology Degree?


A biology degree can open the door to a wide variety of possible careers.



 



A biology degree leads to many options for employment. A biologist is a scientist trained to study living organisms. They learn how living things work and how they interact with each other.



 



There are many possible career paths for a biologist, including research, health care, conservation, environmental management and education. A general biology degree prepares the student to work as a botanist, a forest ranger, a researcher, or a teacher

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Biology students learn to ask questions, make observations, solve problems and evaluate evidence. They study all types of living things including cells, viruses, insects, fish, and animals.



 



An associate’s degree in biology provides the student with the basic knowledge required for an assistant position in a lab or research facility. Many employers require at least a bachelor’s degree, which usually requires four years of study.



 



Biologists specialize in many different areas. Some examples of possible specialties include the following:



 




  • Ecology – the relationship of organisms to the environment


  • Oceanography – the study of the ocean


  • Genetics – the study of genes


  • Botany – the study of plants


  • Endocrinology – the study of diseases and disorders


  • Forensics – the study of biological and physical evidence used to solve crime



 



A path chosen by many biologists is the field of research. Some scientists work in laboratories, searching for cures for diseases, while others work outdoors in natural environments, studying wildlife. Genetic researchers work on the prevention of genetic diseases and defects. Some researchers work with drug companies.



 



Biologists interested in solving environmental problems specialize in conservation or environmental management. They test air, water, and soil to make sure that the environment is safe. Some work as park rangers, protecting state and national parks, and offering education to the public. Their focus is preserving natural resources for future generations.



 



The field of education is one that is chosen by many biologists. A biology degree combined with teaching certification allows the graduate to teach in elementary or secondary schools. Biologists also teach in settings such as zoos, museums, and national parks. A biologist with good writing and communication skills may write for technical scientific publications. They may also write for newspapers or magazines to teach the general public about new scientific developments.



 



Some biologists are employed by the federal government. Some government agencies that employ biologists include the Department of Agriculture, the Food and Drug Administration, the Fish and Wildlife Service, and the Environmental Protection Agency. Other types of agencies that employ biologists include forest services, health departments, zoos, and environmental consulting firms.



 



A bachelor’s degree can lead to entry-level positions in government and industry, as well as teaching positions for grades K-12. Many biologists go onto pursue advanced degrees. A master’s degree can open the door to university teaching jobs. Some students use a biology degree as a stepping stone to medical school.



 



A degree in biology offers the opportunity for many possible career paths. There are a wide variety of career choices for the biology student. Because of rapidly developing technology, opportunities will continue to increase in the future.


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